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SEPTIEMBRE 25


Jacksonville Travel Guide

City of jacksonville/



Jacksonville is the most populous city in the Florida's state and the thirteenth most populous city in the U.S. It is the Duval County's county seat. During 1968, the city has joint a consolidated government with the county, doing it the biggest city in land area in the contiguous U.S. In 2006, the city proper possessed an estimated population of 834,789 with a metropolitan population of more than 1.3 million. Jacksonville is the third most populated city on the East Coast, after New York City and Philadelphia. It is the central city of the Jacksonville Metropolitan Statistical Area, the fourth biggest metropolitan area in the state.

Jacksonville is situated in the First Coast region of northeast Florida. The city is located on the banks of the St. Johns River, which flows north and empties into the Atlantic Ocean around 20 miles east of downtown. The settlement that got Jacksonville was founded in 1791 as Cowford due to its location at a narrow point in the river across which cattle were once driven. The city was nominated in 1822 for Andrew Jackson, the first military governor of the Florida Territory and eventual seventh President of the U.S. A bronze sculpture of Jackson atop a steed stands downtown at the corner of Hogan and Water Streets.

The history of Jacksonville crosses hundreds of years, and has been determined by the area's unique geography and location. The first settlement in the area, known like Ossachite, was created over 6,000 years ago by the Timucua Indians in the vicinity of modern-day downtown Jacksonville.

The first european explorers came in 1562, when French Huguenot explorer Jean Ribault planned the St. Johns River. René Goulaine de Laudonnière constituted the first European settlement at Fort Caroline two years later. On September 20, 1565, an Spanish force attacked Fort Caroline from the nearly Spanish settlement of St. Augustine, and eliminated all the French soldiers defending it (except Catholics). The Spanish renamed it fort San Mateo. Two years later, Dominique de Gourgues recaptured the settlement from the Spanish and slaughtered all of the Spanish defenders. After the initial destruction of Fort Caroline, St. Augustine got the most essential settlement in Florida. Florida was a Spanish possession until it became a territory of the United States in 1821. The Florida Legislative Council approved a charter for a town government on February 9, 1832.






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